Geographically acquiring strategic significance as an European country, Turkey (officially; the Republic of Turkey) stretching between Balkan Region of Southeastern Europe and Anatolian Peninsula of Southwestern Asia has borders with Middle East in the south. Turkey borders eight countries as Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria. The country has coastline with Mediterranean Sea at the south, Aegean Sea at the west, Black Sea at the north and harbors Marmara Inland Sea separating Balkan Region and Anatolia at the northeast.
39 00 N, 35 00 E
Mediterranean temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; warm summers and very cold, snowy winters in interior and east
The international dialling code (to): 0090, The international dialling code (from) 00 + The related country code
Ambulance 112, Police 155, Fire Brigade 110
Banks; 8a.m. - 12p.m. and 1:30p.m. - 5p.m. (Mon-Fri) Shops; 9a.m. - 20p.m. (Mon-Sun) Public Offices; 9a.m. - 12p.m. and 1p.m. - 5:30p.m. (Mon-Fri)
National Sovereignty and Children's Day (23 April), Victory Day (30 August), Ataturk Commemorations and Youth Sports Day (19 May), Republic Day (29 October), the main holiday season (June-September)
General Information Turkey was founded in 1923 in the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Situated on the Anatolian Territory known as the Cradle of Civilizations, Turkey has been home to numerous civilizations and empires such as Hittites, Roman Empire, Seljuk Empire, Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire. It is often regarded as the bridge between Eastern and Western civilizations and a blend of these two cultures. This cultural wealth amply shows itself in the social and entertainment life. For tourists, the country is one of the most favorable and alluring destinations of the world. In addition to its resplendent archaeological, historical and cultural treasury, Turkey is an excellent tourism destination with its long sandy beaches and colorful night life. Especially, the long Mediterranean coastline of the country is indispensable and vertiginous for tourists from all over the world. The Mugla District placed at this region is one of the symbols of the tourist life in the region. With its diversified and fabulous cultural, historical and maritime setting, Istanbul connecting Asia and Europe is the top touristic part of the country. When visiting Istanbul, you should not leave the city without traveling Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque) and Topkapi Palace and having a sea tour in the Bosphorus. While winter sports are popular in the mountainous Eastern Anatolia the cultural sites remaining from the civilizations in the history allures the person. Emphasizing Izmir City, the coast line of Aegean Region is decorated with the boroughs standing as the pearls of the country tourism. Cesme Borough guides the entertainment life in Izmir. Starting membership negotiations in 2005, December, Turkey has undertaken a plenty of reforms with respect to democracy and economy on the way of being a permanent member of European Union. Turkey is one of the founders and members of the United Nations (UN) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). In 1952, it became the member of NATO.